Beginner’s Guide to Woodworking Wooden Hand Planes: Everything You Need to Know


Woodworking is a great hobby to pick up, but when starting out, it can be overwhelming trying to figure out what tools you need. One essential tool that every woodworker needs is a hand plane. In this beginner’s guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about woodworking wooden hand planes.

What is a hand plane?

A hand plane is a woodworking tool that is used to smooth or shape a piece of wood. It consists of a blade that is set at an angle and a body that holds the blade in place. The body is usually made of wood or metal, and the blade is sharpened to a fine edge to cut through the wood.

woodworking wooden hand planes

Types of hand planes

There are many types of hand planes, each designed for a specific task. Here are some of the most common types of hand planes:

Jack plane

This is the most versatile type of hand plane, and it’s great for roughing out your workpiece. Its blade is set at a low angle, which makes it easier to remove a large amount of material quickly.

jack plane

Jointer plane

This type of hand plane is used to flatten and straighten the edges of a board. Its long body and blade make it great for removing high spots and twists in the wood.

jointer plane

Smoothing plane

As the name suggests, this plane is used to smooth the surface of a board. Its low-angle blade produces a fine finish that requires minimal sanding.

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smoothing plane

Choosing the right hand plane

When choosing a hand plane, consider what type of work you’ll be doing. If you’ll be working with rough lumber, a jack plane is a great choice. If you’ll be working with long boards, a jointer plane will be essential. If you’ll be doing fine finishing work, a smoothing plane is a must-have.

It’s also important to choose a hand plane that is comfortable to hold and use. Look for one with a comfortable grip and a weight that feels good in your hand.

Maintaining your hand plane

To keep your hand plane in good working order, it’s important to maintain it properly. Keep the blade sharp by regularly honing it, and make sure the body is clean and free from rust.

sharpening hand plane blade

When storing your hand plane, keep it in a dry place and protected from moisture. It’s also a good idea to keep the blade covered to prevent it from becoming damaged.


Woodworking wooden hand planes are an essential tool for any woodworker, whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned pro. By choosing the right hand plane for the job and maintaining it properly, you’ll be able to create beautiful and functional pieces with ease.

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